Accounting Principles: Defintions and Explanations

financial accounting

Another is the going concern concept, which assumes the business will continue to be in business in the future. Another is that there is one stable currency in which records will be recorded.


While and accounting can seem daunting for those without a financial background, you don’t need to dive too deep into finance as an early-stage startup founder. Going Concern, unless there is evidence to the contrary, it is assumed that a business will continue to trade normally for the foreseeable future. Accruals and Matching, revenue earned must be matched against expenditure when it was incurred. The objectives of financial reporting is to provide information that is relevant and useful. Accounting concepts deal with the standards and laws required to satisfy the needs of investors, employees, and other stakeholders. By understanding and applying these principles you will be able to read, prepare, and compare financial statements with clarity and accuracy. The bottom-line is that the ethical practice of accounting mandates reporting income as accurately as possible and when there is uncertainty, choosing to err on the side of caution.

What are some accounting concepts?

The United States uses a separate set of accounting principles, known as generally accepted accounting principles . A petty cash book is a record of minor cash expenditures, that are sorted by month and date. The Imprest system of petty cash books is regarded as one of the most used systems for maintaining a cash book. One of these two is called the simple petty cash book, and the other is the analytical petty cash book. The petty cash book format is very important to keep in mind while preparing one, as it ensures the accuracy and reliability of transactions so recorded. The petty cash book format is very important to consider while preparing a petty cash book.

An fundamental accounting cycle is an eight-step system accountants use to track transactions during a particular period. The terms and concepts in this guide were curated in part for their relevance to new entrepreneurs. Examples include terms such as “accounts payable,” “accounts receivable,” “cash flow,” “revenue,” and “equity.” Fundamental accounting principles are important because they provide investors with the information they need to make informed investment decisions and help to ensure that financial statements are accurate.

How to Assess If Your Small Business Is Making Money

Accountants sometimes make future projections with respect to revenues, expenses, and debts. The concept of “present value” describes calculated adjustments that express those future funds in present-day dollars. Tracking operations that record, administrate, and analyze the compensation paid to employees are collectively known as payroll accounting. Payroll also includes fringe benefits distributed to employees and income taxes withheld from their paychecks.

fundamental accounting concepts

Consequently, it cares about transaction dates, rather than the period when a service was provided. Many young people graduate without a basic understanding of money and money management, business, the economy, and investing.

How to Figure Percentages Between Gross & Net Income

Cash may have come from its operating activities or financial and investing activities. For example, one of the most common assumptions is that money has a stable value.

  • Examples include terms such as “accounts payable,” “accounts receivable,” “cash flow,” “revenue,” and “equity.”
  • The idea and objective are that concerned people should be able to make proper and well-informed decisions based on the reports.
  • The objectivity concept states that accounting will be recorded on the basis of objective evidence (invoices, receipts, bank statement, etc…).
  • They serve as a key tool for monitoring and tracking the company’s performance and ensuring the smooth operation of the firm.
  • And the total of all debits should always equal the sum of all credits.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Open chat
Hello, we are giving a 25% HAPPY INDEPENDENCE discount on all our services today. WhatsApp now